Sanitary Sewer Evaluation Study (SSES)

Location: Bowling Green, Missouri   Client: City of Bowling Green, Missouri
Services: Field Investigation, Smoke Testing, Inflow and Infiltration   Expertise: Water Resources

Project Overview

Bowling Green knew they had an issue with inflow and infiltration(I/I) due to high flows observed at the WWTP during wet weather. They also experience lift stations surging but not overflowing during these wet weather events. McClure engaged in a project with the City to develop a holistic approach to solving the excess extraneous water entering the sanitary collection system. The first phase of field work and evaluation consisted of a $50,000 project fee.

Alongside the City Staff, McClure developed a phased approach to field investigations to identify the worst areas of extraneous water entering the system. The first step was to place 7 strategic flow monitors throughout the City to monitor flow from the sanitary drainage basins for 13 weeks during spring and summer of 2019. In conjunction with this data, lift station data from the 8 lift stations in Bowling Green was compared to the observed flow monitoring data to develop hydrographs for each sanitary basin. The data collected was converted to a 1-hour rain event for comparison across the board and then compared to rainfall data for the given flow rate observed in the sanitary collection system. McClure created design year, or 10-year storm events, as the target to be able to handle in the sanitary collection system.  

Topside manhole inspections were performed as the second step in the first phase of field investigations for the City of Bowling Green. Defects in the manholes were recorded and categorized per drainage basin. Defects were correlated to gallons per minute entering the manhole. Lastly in the first phase, lift station evaluations were also performed as part of the overall sanitary sewer evaluation study. Undersized lift stations were noted along with aging infrastructure defects that resulted in identified rehabilitation projects for select lift stations in Bowling Green.  

Final analysis and cost estimates for the defects identified are on-going. The field investigations have identified the second phase of field work – smoke testing in the parts of Bowling Green experiencing the most I/I. Focusing efforts on the worst basins first allows the City to rehabilitate the collection system as their budget allows. All cost estimates are presented on a cost per gallon of extraneous water removed; allowing the City to compare rehabilitation for different defects on an even scale.

Project Manager

Mike Hall, PE